What is Bahrain Doing to Prevent a Terror Attack?

Following two attacks on Shia mosques in Saudi Arabia in earlier weeks, and the last attack in Kuwait two days ago, ISIS promises the next will be in Bahrain.

I wrote a much needed article on Global Voices wondering if safety measures are being taken in Bahrain to prevent potential attacks, and protect worshipers.

“Bahrain is politically a perfect hub for a terrorist attack. The country is already divided by sectarian tensions following the popular uprising in 2011, when people called for more political reforms. The government pitted the conflict as a Shia population trying to wrestle power from a Sunni leadership, a storyline often echoed in international media. Bahrain is also different from both Saudi Arabia and Kuwait because Shias are closer to being a majority in the small Gulf island and are easier to target as the government has been engaged in daily street battles with Shiite protesters on an almost daily basis since protests started four years ago.

However, it remains the responsibility of the government first and the people second to provide security for all citizens equally, and not based on sect or political loyalty. Failing to secure the lives of all Bahrainis, regardless of their sect, is a sectarian statement in itself.

The question is, how can a country like Bahrain where systematic approaches based on sect are deeply infested, fight a bigger battle against ISIS. How are people expected to stand united, when state media fuels hatred and sectarian tensions in the country? Are we even allowed to blame ISIS for their irrational extremism when Bahraini religious figures, media outlets, and laws do the same?”

Read more here.

Analytical Series: Why Women’s Political Presence in Bahrain is Still Marginal

My colleague Anne Koopman and I co-authored a series of three analytical articles to explore the problem of women’s marginal role in politics in the Gulf Island of Bahrain. We have talked to politicians, activists and regular people to get a better understanding of the situation.

Since the introduction of the National Action Charter ‘Al-Meethaq’ in 2002, women and men have equal political rights in Bahrain, giving both the right to vote and actively participate in politics. However, female presence in politics is considerably low. In this series we will address the issue of low political presence in Bahrain by dividing the problem into three articles. In “Bahraini Politics: Where Are The Women?”, we will look at the political background in Bahrain and the statistics of women serving in higher positions, as well as compare the country to other Gulf States. In the second part “The Triangle of Oppression: Challenging Women’s Political Presence” we explain how the male dominant society, religious influences and lack of endorsements by political societies cause women to experience pressure to withdraw from elections or stay away from the political scene, but also to feel hesitant towards participating to begin with. In “Is There Hope For Equal Political Representation?” we show how the popular uprising in 2011, has put women’s rights on a back shelf, and the challenges for both men and women have become more similar and equal, leading to an unclear future for women in politics in Bahrain. Experts and female activists propose some solutions that could gradually improve women’s political presence in Bahrain.

Read all three articles on The Bahrain Debate:

Part I: “Bahraini Politics: Where are the Women?”

Part II: “The Bahraini Society: Challenging Women’s Political Presence”

Part III: “Is There Hope for Equal Political Representation?”

Bahrain: Why are Women Playing a Marginal Role in Politics

We Need Your Help Bahrain.

A colleague of mine, Anne Koopman, and I are working on an analytical piece that looks in to the reasons why women in Bahrain are still marginalized in the political scene. Since 2002 when the electoral experience came back to life in Bahrain, both men and women had the right to vote and run for elections, yet the female presence was still low.

Despite a little bit of increase over the years, and we now see a few females in the House of Representatives (lower house of the parliament and the Shura Council (upper house of the parliament), many consider this to still be a low number given Bahrain’s history with women’s associations and the fight for rights.

We have talked to several women in the political scene, some parties, women’s associations, but we want to hear from the people. We want to know how the every day life is for a woman, and what are the challenges that hinders her participation and success in reaching senior executive positions.

We have put together a very short survey to get the perspectives of both Bahraini men and women. This will help reflect our research on the reality in Bahrain and confirm that we’re understanding the issues as they are.

This is the link, it will take you less than 2 minutes to complete it.

// Answer five questions on this link

Thank you and we appreciate your contribution.

Stay tuned for the final article

Faten & Anne

Saudi Cables in Relation to Bahrain

Wikileaks released about 500,000 top secret documents from the Saudi government that consists correspondence between the country’s official bodies and other governments around the world.

Several of these relate directly to the Bahraini popular uprising in 2011, when people took the streets calling for democratic reforms and improvement of living conditions. The leaked documents show the Saudi government’s interference in Bahrain’s internal affairs and obsession with the uprising’s media coverage.

As an editor of Global Voices Check Desk, I am tracking these documents and posting them on a story that is constantly updated as we go through more documents.

Check it out: http://globalvoices.checkdesk.org/en/story/1909

Omar Al-Bashir Escapes Potential Arrest for War Crime

The story of Omar Al-Bashir dodging an arrest warrant for being accused of war crimes has triggered global reactions.

A higher court in South Africa was due to reach a verdict on whether to hand Al-Bashir over to the International Criminal Court (ICC), and had ordered the South African government to ban him from leaving the country pending trial. Al-Bashir, who was attending an African Union summit in South Africa, is accused of war crimes and genocide.

As an editor and contributor for the Global Voices Check Desk I write stories from the Middle East and North Africa region, and update them as more information comes in.

To follow updates and news on this story, or other stories in the region, check out the Check Desk.


Milan is mistakenly only famous for its fashion glamor, and wonderful shopping experience. But only a few know the hidden beauty in this Italian city. When in Milan you can’t miss the Duomo Terraces, one of the largest and oldest cathedrala in the world. A 600 year old Gothic building that enjoys incredible architectural details. The Duomo Terraces tells an Italian story through its walls and Pillars.

Lake Como is an hour away from Milan, and offers a perfect calm get away, a breath taking mountain view, and a nice walk through the village’s narrow alleys. On a good day with clear skies, you can see a view of the Alps.

The colors, architecture and art make for perfect camera snap shots, but doesn’t do it any justice.

Milano and Lake Como through my lenses.



The beauty of Milan & Lake Como

Hussain Jawad and human rights: A story that never ends

After five days of terror and hopeless waiting, Hussain Jawad, chairman of European-Bahraini Organisation for Human Rights (EBOHR) is still detained despite the order for his release. He was arrested from his home in Sitra on Monday, February 17th at 1:20 am. His wife Asma Darwish witnessed the incident, and was left with nothing but a typical short phone call a little over ten hours after his arrest, that left her heart pounding even more than it was before the call.

Darwish, who is also an active member of EBOHR said she had never heard his voice this weak before. She had the gut feeling that this time it won’t be alright. He told her he was okay, but when she asked him if they harmed him, he said yes and ended the phone call. Despite her great concert and worry, Darwish’s determination to speak up and voice her husband’s case is anything but weak:

Right around the fourth anniversary of the Bahraini uprising, it is unfortunate to see things haven’t really changed for the better. Jawad has been arrested for the second time since the uprising, and taken to the Criminal Investigation Directorate (CID), leaving behind his wife with their two-year-old son Parweez who has just started to recognize his father again after a history of detention and exile.

He was with his wife, son, and mother, when masked civilian men and riot police stormed in and searched the house and the bedroom. An entourage of police cars, armored vehicles, a civilian car, and a mini bus came to arrest him. His phone and passport were confiscated, and he was not allowed to change his clothes before they took him.

Little Parweez stood in silence watching the theatrical operation of his father’s arrest, and didn’t say a word. He was nine months old when his father was arrested the first time. As young as he is, like his father, he has a calm sharp sense to him with a deeper understanding beyond his age. His mother carried him outside where Jawad was taken to the minibus, and asked him “where is baba going?” Little Parweez said “ to prison”. He had visited his grandfather in prison before; it’s not new to him. Darwish says, despite Parweez saying that his dad is going to prison, he still doesn’t understand whether his dad is traveling, or coming back soon, and when she asks him about his dad, he sometimes says he went to the gym.

Although it’s the second time her husband has been arrested, she says this time was different. His arrest came as a surprise to his family, and they are clueless as to what the new charges could be. She explained they usually send him a summon letter, and he always shows up at the police station.

“This time, the way they stormed in, searched the place, all within ten minutes and didn’t even give him a chance to change or hug his son to say goodbye. It hurt me to see them holding his head down between his knees, not allowing him to look up.”

Today, Jawad still faces trial for previous charges related to insulting the king and inciting hatred against the regime.

Since his brief phone call, Darwish says she has seen him online on the social network application “Whatsapp” several times.

“It is very frustrating to see him online every now and then, knowing that they have his phone and are reading through his private conversations with me and other people,” she said.

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She claims she tried to call him at least four times, but the phone call gets disconnected immediately after the first ring. During a recent family visit to Jawad’s father in prison, the prominent figure said he too tried calling his son from Jaw prison and got the same result.

Jawad is not a stranger to the human rights field in Bahrain. His father Parweez Mohammed, sentenced to fifteen years in prison, is one of the 13 prominent political figures locked up for taking part in the uprising in 2011. Following his father’s lead, Jawad spent his youth learning from his dad and other human rights defenders like Abdulhadi Alkhawaja. He always spoke about the great teachers he learned from as he embedded himself in the human rights field.

The idea of starting EBOHR came to Jawad while he was in Switzerland in 2012. With the help of Darwish, they brought the idea to life at a time when Bahrain lacked human rights NGOs, especially a European one. Slowly the organization attracted more Bahraini activists in Bahrain and outside.

Hussain Jawad with his wife Asma Darwish in Switzerland – 2012

His active role as a human rights defender has previously subjected him to harassment by the Bahraini authorities. The latest was his arrest in November 2013, when he went to file a complaint against the government claiming they were defaming him in a local newspaper. He was arrested on spot at the Central Province Police station and taken to the dry dock prison where he spent 47 days. His arrest came following a speech he delivered calling for peaceful struggle and democracy. During his imprisonment he managed to monitor and document many cases and violations against detainees, which he revealed following his release in January 2014 on bail pending trial.

Looking for a better future, Jawad decided that it was best to leave Bahrain and seek refuge in the United Kingdom, where he could practice his job safely. Little did he know that the next eight months would be nothing but a drag that led to a dead end in his asylum case. He was greeted by UK Border Agency officials at Heathrow airport, and taken to a medium security prison for illegal immigrants. His case was placed in a special program called DFT (Detained Fast Track), designed for uncomplicated cases that would eventually be returned to their home countries, despite his strong case for asylum.

Jawad spent his time in London at a youth center operated by a Bahraini community, quickly integrating and earning his peers’ respect. As the light at the end of the tunnel kept getting dimmer regarding his asylum case, Jawad started to feel homesick. Being away from his family was his weakest point. Behind that strong, calm, and fierce look, is a sensitive and family-oriented man. He often spoke about his wife and son and how much he missed them. He was in deep pain that he was away while his son grew up away from his father. He felt helpless when his son had to undergo an open-heart surgery and he couldn’t be there to support him and his wife. However his personal struggles and challenges did not keep him from focusing on the cause he believed in. Jawad is known for his positive optimistic attitude at all times. His work didn’t stop, he kept monitoring the situation in Bahrain, and speaking up against violations at events and meeting.

Jawad’s son, Parweez, following his open-heart surgery last year.

Eventually, Jawad decided to return to Bahrain and continue his fight for human rights on the ground. Darwish said he told her that international human rights organizations valued the testimonies of activists on the ground more than those abroad.

“He told me he feels his presence in Bahrain was better for the cause even if it was risky, he can do more from inside especially that many were in jail at the time, or in exile.”

She recalls the memory of his return and how happy he felt to be back. After his detention and exile abroad, he finally had the chance to spend time with his son who was a little over one year old at the time.

“He spent a great time with family, especially my family, which made them love him and respect him even more.”

Darwish says he spent every night working until 2:00 or 3:00 in the morning. When she told him to come to bed and get some rest, he answered her “how can I go to sleep when people are still in prison, depending on us to fight for their cause?”

He puts himself in other people’s shoes, says Darwish. When he stops everything and take a phone call from a victim’s mother, he tells his wife: “how would you feel if I got detained and you tried to reach out to an activist and they turned you down?”

His genuine care for the people and their needs defines him as a person and earned him admiration amongst not only family, but also strangers. That was evident during the first arrest. Darwish says the visits Jawad paid to the families of victims and prisoners, and the effort he put into working on their cases, showed in the amount of genuine messages she got from strangers, telling her how much they appreciate her husband’s effort.

As a wife, Darwish values the fact that her husband is a principled man, who does the right thing for the right reasons. She says his biggest role model in life is his father.

“I am very proud to be married to someone who is so attached to his dad as much as Hussain is. He is ready to do anything for him. He has been carrying his father’s case for four years, and that needs a lot of patience and effort.”

Hussain Jawad with his father Parweez Mohammed Jawad

His legacy affected his ability to find a job, because employers fear the consequences of hiring him. Jawad thought it may be for the best, so he can give his undivided attention to his true passion, human rights. Darwish says he told her he wants to be a human rights defender on an international level, and eventually work for the United Nations. His aspirations travel beyond prison bars, and beyond Bahrain.

* Original article on EBOHR’s website